We explain how to fine-tune the home heating systems before the arrival of the first cold
The arrival of the first cold, one of the fundamental steps is to have the house ready to face the drop in temperatures. From the outset we assume that we have good insulation (doors, windows, floors, walls …), so the fundamental step is focused on making use of some basic tool to verify the good condition of our heating system making use of some tool Basic.
This is the case of the use of some basic tool radiators, gas stoves and electric stoves making use of some basic tool, devices that after several months unemployed return to activity, so it is convenient to make a small review to check that they work correctly. It is a process that will only take a few minutes.
We will focus first on the radiators so that we will leave the maintenance work on the boiler, those that are not basic, to experts in the field who will surely guarantee us in optimal operation of it.
The first step is to go to the boiler and check the status of it in relation to the connection to the electricity grid. In a visual check we can check the state of the pipe that carries the gas, that does not present any type of blow that could hinder the distribution of the same.
In the boiler we can find the pressure gauge, the manometer (usually very accessible and in the front) and verify that the pressure is correct according to the manufacturer’s instructions. As a rule, it is considered that the correct pressure of the device will be between 1.2 and 1.5 bars, so that the needle is always in the safety zone. If you find that this is not the case, we can use the boiler filling key (with care) to make sure the pressure is in the appropriate zone.
Purge the radiators
At this point and with the boiler prepared a priori, it is necessary to focus on the radiators. For this it is almost certain that it is required to perform a purge of them. With this process what we do is that we eliminate the accumulated air in the heating circuit and thus we get the hot water distributed properly.
In this way, the radiator fills with liquid in all the zones and heats everything equally, avoiding that in some parts it is hot and in others cold and therefore favoring the correct distribution of heat.
Purging the radiators is a simple process and we should only take as a precaution to have a small container that collects water that may come out in the process and that the boiler is turned off in the process.
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To do this, we go to regulate the purge valve that includes all the radiators, being able to use a screwdriver, wrench and open it until all the air that is inside it is expelled. At the beginning of the process we can hear a slight whistling sound and when we finish expelling the air, water will start to come out of the interior, at which time we must close the regulating valve.
This is a few simple steps with which we can maintain the proper functioning of our heating saving us a money in maintenance and by lightening the monthly bill.
Gas and electric stoves
They are less and less common, but they do exist and it is worthwhile to carry out some basic checks, because in the end a bad state can cause bad combustion and … well, have disastrous consequences.
In this case the stove is a model of the so-called catalytic fueled by butane gas. The system normally makes use of a starting system by means of an electric spark that jumps when the switch is pressed. A safety mechanism that works by pressing and holding for a few seconds until we see the flame stable, at which point we can let go.
But to get there before it is interesting to check several aspects …
- The expiration of the rubber that goes from the stove to the cylinder (that is not expired).
- The good condition of the rubber, because although it is in order can not present defects or breaks.
- The gas regulator (also known as consagas) must be in good condition.
- Always ensure that the regulator is properly anchored to the cylinder and for this purpose nothing better than before turning on the stove and opening the gas, lift the cylinder by the regulator to check the closure.
Some basic measures that we can carry out ourselves and that take us to the last point, the electric stoves.
These are the safest and easiest to review. It is above all to check that the resistances have no dust and thus avoid the annoying smell when turned on after a long time. In this case some models have a grid that can be removed to clean the resistances (eye, always with the cable disconnected from the electrical outlet) and if possible, just use a vacuum cleaner or air blower.
The power cable must not present any bruises, scratches and broken parts that could cause a short circuit and the plug must have the right power outlet pins, without showing signs of burning or being bent.